Summary of Thorkildsen & Haugan DSR 1999
Steady state plume model including nonlinear equation of state, dynamic pressure and both components of earth rotation.
New scaling of plume radius.
To achieve deep convection: Small elevation in density O (10-4 kgm-3) is sufficient; ambient must be only weakly stratified; thermobaricity is the most important driving force.
Inserting a warm and saline layer 600-1400m with same dr/dz gives increased penetration for plumes which otherwise would have stopped in the layer, and decreased penetration for plumes which would have traveled through.